[17] Traditional African religions also have elements of fetishism, shamanism and veneration of relics. 2. There are no strict rules governing when people should worship, but the practice and customs of worship vary from place to place, and people worship for special reasons, such as harvest festivals, the rites of birth, initiation, marriage and death, planting time, times of national need, before or during hunting, gathering and fishing, the blessing of cattle, unusual phenomena, and the coronation of chiefs and kings. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. Some sacred or holy locations for traditional religions include Nri-Igbo, the Point of Sangomar, Yaboyabo, Fatick, Ife, Oyo, Dahomey, Benin City, Ouidah, Nsukka, Kanem-Bornu, Igbo-Ukwu, and Tulwap Kipsigis, among others. Religion in Igbo traditional society partakes fully of all the features of world traditional religion, including its beliefs, sacred myths, oral qualities, strong appeal to the hearts of adherents, high degree of ritualization, and possession of numerous participatory personages such as officiating elders, kings, priests, and diviners. In the African traditional religions, the main beliefs are, God, the divinities, spirits and ancestors. In recent times, traditional religions, such as the Yoruba religion, are on the rise. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003), Index of African mythology and creation narratives, List of African deities and mythical figures, Traditional African Religion and other religions, Persecution of traditional African religion, "The world of spirits and the respect for nature: towards a new appreciation of animism", "Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa", What is religion? Shrines are located in a separate room or a quiet area of the home. Introduction African traditional religions are the religions in Africa before the coming of the Europeans. Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. The structure was originally built by a general named Uqba ibn Nafi as a Friday Mosque used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day. "It is also an act and occasion of making and renewing contact between God and man ... ," John S. Mbiti says in African Religions and Philosophy. Buddhist temples are places for personal reverence, ancestor worship, meditation, and offerings for monks and the Buddha. In African traditional religion the spirits are always present, and requests and offerings are made to them for health, prosperity, and protection. WORSHIP IN AFRICA 3.1 INTRODUCTION ... between AIC’s and traditional African cultural and religious values. Introduction This article explores the place of African Traditional Religion (specifically Congolese Traditional Religion) in inter-religious encounters with Christianity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In a country with around 41 million illiterate adults, where only 92 million have internet access, religious and traditional leaders are crucial in the transmission of information. [15], Followers of traditional African religions are also found around the world. All these persons serve different purposes. As in most of sub-Saharan Africa, ATR is the indigenous religion … There is a deep cultural connection to the ancestors in David’s family and local community – as there is in many communities across Africa. Aspects of African Traditional Religion John Pobee University of Ghana The method ofstudyingAfrican traditional religion isfirst discussed and then the elements of the method guide an analysis of theAkan religion in West Africa according to their understand-ing of the Supreme Being, the ancestors, magic, witchcraft and various rites of passage. Olupona rejects the western/islamic definition of Monotheism or Polytheism and says that such concepts could not reflect the complex African traditions and are simplistic. The three essential features of African traditional religions are belief, worship and morality. Traditional Africa religions. 37The Supreme Being 38. This is a list of African spirits and/or deities found within the traditional African religions.This list also covers spirits and/or deities found within the Afro-American religions—which mostly derives from traditional African religions. The ancestors are generally believed to reside in an ancestral realm (spiritworld), while some believe that the ancestors became equal in power to deities.[29]. Several African countries have banned gatherings and locked down cities and towns to suppress the spread of COVID-19. religion is the very soul of African religion. traditional culture, Islam and Christianity have inspired them most. Between the 1500s and the 1800s, many thousands of Africans were brought to the Americas as slaves. A place of worship is a specially designed structure or consecrated space where individuals or a group of people such as a congregation come to perform acts of devotion, veneration, or religious study. A place of worship is a specially designed structure or consecrated space where individuals or a group of people such as a congregation come to perform acts of devotion, veneration, or religious study. Among African peoples, the worship of God takes place at any place and time. The Semitic Abrahamic religion of Judaism is comparable to the latter world view. Roman Catholic Christians also constitute 45% of Lesotho's population. This builds skills at separating the feelings elicited by this mindset from their situational manifestations in daily life. [6][1] The role of humanity is generally seen as one of harmonizing nature with the supernatural. This list is limited to a few well-known traditions. Most times many writers see the religions in Africa as homogenous while others see them in plurality. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. From the Traditional Music and Cultures of Kenya, a multimedia encyclopaedia dedicated to all Kenyan tribes, including music and dance, history, culture, society, religion and beliefs, rituals and daily life, fables, legends, riddles and proverbs. Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife.While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). • It is found in rituals, ceremonies and festivals of … This is largely because cosmology and beliefs are intricately intertwined with the natural phenomena and environment. Among Niger–Congo-speakers is a belief in a creator God, force or higher deity, which is considered by some to be a widespread and ancient feature of Niger-Congo-cultures,[19][20][21] along with other more specialized deities, ancestor spirits, territorial spirits, and beings, as well as evil caused by human ill will and neglecting ancestor spirits, and priests of territorial spirits. An important preoccupation of Mbiti’s work has been to show that knowledge of God and the worship of God have been staples of African life from the earliest times on the continent. Anansi came to be calle… The most prominent were R. S. Rattray, [14] P. A. Talbot, [15] A. In Nigeria, Oshun festivals take place in the courtyard of the oba (king) as well as in the sacred grove of Oshun. READ MORE: Nigerian private sector needs to stay home. The defining line between deities and ancestors is often contested, but overall, ancestors are believed to occupy a higher level of existence than living human beings and are believed to be able to bestow either blessings or illness upon their living descendants. These are indigenous religions that practise an integrated form of worship, combining the Christian liturgy with the more ritualistic elements of traditional ancestral worship. The African * Academic researcher, Department of World Religions & Culture, University of Dhaka. 37. As with most traditional groups in Africa, Ndebele life is characterized by an active spiritual world, which exercises great influence over even the smallest issues in daily existence. This knowledge of God through belief; became the cardinal point of the religion of Africans. [17] The challenge is to study faith, proverbs, traditions and mythology across Africa to identify the fragments of religion passed down as oral traditions and mythology in the great cultures of the continent. While some traditions have a supreme being (next to other deities), others have not. "Religions of South Africa" pp. [39], For example, in the Serer religion, one of the most sacred stars in the cosmos is called Yoonir (the Star of Sirius). Ancestor veneration has always played a "significant" part in the traditional African cultures and may be considered as central to the African worldview. And since Africans live in a religious universe, proverbs and songs that express reverence for and gratitude to God are everywhere. Common Beliefs of God in any African Traditional Religion is asking for trouble, because the meaning of the English terms come with such a long his-tory, from the Latin, of theological baggage, that it is not at all natural to give space to the African meanings in their context. [33] This includes also nature, elementary and animal spirits. ), are excited to the point of going into meditative trance in response to rhythmic or driving drumming or singing. African Religion is ancestor worship. They are mostly requests to satisfy a particular need or to give thanks. This was not unusual. The Caribbean religion known as vodun or voodoo, for example, involves the worship of the vodu, meaning “spirit” in the West African language Fon. It is a common feeling among traditional African peoples that direct communication must not be made with God by just about anybody, but through special people or spirits. Cattle have always been the primary form of subsistence ... 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